How to build a "upgrade version" of vocational education
From "Finite" to "invisible champion" in the eyes of "small", Wang Hao, who reads the post, is undoubtedly "invisible champion" in the small partner.
Wang Hao, 24-year-old this year, took the first prize of the National Skills Competition, and now is a university teacher, and he teaches students to win the national award.
And his many old classmates are still fighting on the wooden bridge of postgraduate. Wang Hao’s "counterattack" road started from the senior high school entrance examination.
"At the time, my parents let me report ordinary high school, I will study the University, and my brother who reads the vocational school thinks that my achievement has been moderate, it is difficult to take a good university, it is better to read a professional school." Wang Hao said that he likes a small home appliance such as a radio from a little, but also feels that he prefer to do it, so he is selected for a professional high school. In high-job Gaoli, Wang Haoxue is an electromechanical integration, which is the extension of his interest.
In the three years, he participated in the Jiangsu Provincial Skills Competition and received the second prize, and successfully entered the Nanjing Industrial Vocational and Technical College (now the Nanjing Industrial Vocational and Technical University) to continue learning, professional or the electrical automation of our favorite.
After entering the university, Wang Hao once spent almost all 上海做油压好点的地方 energy in the preparation, except for class, sleep, almost all in the training center and laboratory.
Hard workers payable, he successfully participated in the National Skills Competition and won the first prize. In the graduation, he was awarded an assistant experiment, and became a "invisible champion" in his friend.
At the age of 20, he became a college teacher’s experience. For Wang 上海喝茶微信群 Hao’s "counterattack", he used to teach teachers, Nanjing Industrial Vocational College of Electrical Engineering, Teacher Song Zenglu felt the deepest.
This is the first problem that is encountered after the introduction of Nanyin Industrial Vocational College. "In the current large environment, the reading is high, college and even the occupational undergraduate, often from ‘grades’ difference’ ‘testing’, students are often tags with ‘losers’ labels to school." Song Zenglu said, students Very smart, hands-on ability is also very strong, but they are used to hung in their mouths. In order to solve the problem of confidence, Song Zengu gave students three chapters, banned, can’t do it, encourage them to ask questions, even a very light basic problem, "Just starting from scratch, a little more accumulated at a point."
As Song Zenglu thought, after fixing the confidence, the results were immediately comfortable. In the past two years, the team he brought with three national skills competitions at once, and got the "Internet +" National College Student Innovation and Entrepreneurship Competition in 2020. Song Zenglu’s approach, refraction is some other helplessness that vocational education is facing.
Like Song Zenglu, many vocational colleges are looking forward to the "Opinions" of "Opinions", the social status of technical skills, and the social status of technical skills is greatly realized. In that, society will no longer wear colored glasses to see vocational education. The students who are no longer attached to the "Loser" label, and the students will no longer need "against the trend" growth, but can "the situation" growth.
"Under the ‘I’m’ I ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ‘.
Every young man should have a chance, and our whole society must support and encourage vocational colleges to grow. Wu Xuemin, Secretary of the Party Committee of Nanjing Industrial Vocational and Technical University, said. Professional undergraduate demand has entered an explosive period in recent years, intelligent, digital transformation accelerates in national enterprises.
The machine is getting smarter, technology iteration is getting faster and faster, but the adapted talent is increasingly difficult. Beijing Jingxian Technology Group General Manager, Nangong – Beijing Jingxiang University Dean Liang Yansong feels very deep: "With intelligent transformation, ‘pipeline’ work more by the robot, employee is more responsible Patrol, maintenance, maintenance. In the past, we recruited a lot of specialist students to operate the machine. Now the equipment is upgraded, and the operation operation becomes second, so it is necessary to reserve more professional undergraduate talents.
"Liang Yusong said." Professional undergraduate education is not the long version of the occupational specialist education, nor is it a transcription of ordinary undergraduate education, but an undergraduate level of the type of vocational education. "Secretary of the Party Committee of Nanjing Industrial Vocational and Technical University, the principal Xie Yonghua said." Professional undergraduate education is an urgent need for industrial transformation and upgrading, and the results of high movement of vocational education levels. "Wu Xuemin believes that comparing the occupational specialties, occupational undergraduate education reflects four more: more profound theoretical foundations, more complete knowledge systems, more composite professional capabilities, more solid technical skills. To" snap up "is more urgent Occupational undergraduate talents, June 2, 2020, Beijing Carving Technology Group and Nanjing Industrial Vocational and Technical University launched a strategic cooperation in production, establishing Nangong – Beijing Jingluo Institute, both parties to carry out more in-depth cooperation, and jointly formulate talent training programs So, after this college is established, how many adaptive talents can be cultivated? Is it enough? "It is definitely not enough.
"Liang Yosong said, Nanchong-Beijing Jingxian College, 300 students, and Beijing Carcarvation Group sells 10,000 units each year, even if it is compared with one technical personnel according to each of the two equipment, it also requires 5000 every year The name of the occupational undergraduate talents is adapted. This is also released a clear signal: in the manufacturing industry specialized in my country, the specialists cultivated in traditional vocational education models have not fully met the technical skills of industry upgrades. Put more about theoretical knowledge, more technological innovation capabilities, more technological innovation capabilities. However, due to our professional undergraduate training in 2019, they have begun to pilot, plus four years of cultivation cycle, even now "order" It is also difficult to meet the needs of corporate demand in the short term. The newly introduced "Opinions" proposed that by 2025, the enrollment scale of the professional undergraduate education is not less than 10% of the enrollment of higher vocational education.
The "2020 National Education Development Statistics" issued by the Ministry of Education has shown that 5.24 million academic students in higher vocational students in 2020. It is estimated that it is more than 500,000, which will reach more than 500,000, which will reach more than 500,000, and will reach more than 500,000. Zhao Gongfu, which is a national technical expertise, Jiangsu craftsman, National CNC Skills, is the youngest "master" of Nanjing Industrial Vocational College. He is good at pondering, and the secondary school has been drilling the number of control technology after graduation. In 2014, the National CNC Skills Competition was obtained.
After entering the Technician College, he will not only introduce the new knowledge, new processes, new methods, etc., but also propose a variety of solutions for the company.
In order to introduce Zhao Gongfu, Nanjing Industrial Vocational College not only opened 700,000 yuan, the rich treatment of 500,000 yuan, but also established a "Skills Master Studio" for him.
At present, there are 8 studio team members, including 3 national technical experts, 4 doctoral students. For talents introduced, Nanjing Industrial Vocational College can describe "big hand" in recent years. Through the implementation of the "Talents" strategy, there are many famous teachers, national technical experts, provincial, provincial craftsmen, well-known corporate technology supervisors, professional leaders, doctoral and other high-level talents to school.
"So far, the school has 11 ‘Skills Master Studios’, and teachers with ‘Double Normal Quality’ have reached%." Xie Yonghua said, accelerating the development of modern vocational education, cultivating thousands of high quality skills Talents, they will be inseparable from the new era, high-quality, and two-way vocational education teachers.
The quality of teachers in vocational colleges, especially "double-type" teachers, and related to the quality of vocational education talents.
"Do a good job in career undergraduate education, but also continue to optimize the team of teachers and combined with the combination of professionalism, create the spirit of craftsmen with excellence in professional literacy, have research capacity and deep accumulation in technology, and have the use of engineering methods to solve the complex complexity The ability of the problematic expertise.
It is also necessary to strengthen the construction of part-time teachers, and continue to expand the team of part-time teachers and form a team of school-enterprises, bringing new technologies and processes to talent training.
"Wu Xuemin said. Wu Xuemin believes that Wu Xuemin believes that the three macro dimensions of education attributes, occupational properties, and undergraduate attributes are to be advanced:" insist on education Attributes, it is to implement the Li Dehu people to the whole process of school education teaching, talent training; adhere to professional attributes, to determine the direction of vocational education, and achieve the transformation of training to high-level technical skills, training mode to school enterprise integration Type shifts, teachers’ teams increase to experts, the service capability is improved to lead the lead; adhering to undergraduate properties, it is necessary to enhance the overall level of undergraduate education, three upgrades to academic, basic and innovative. "(Reporter Zhang Chunlei Su Yan Liu).